In Vitro Fertilisation is when a women’s egg are fertilised outside of the body. The term comes from Latin and it literally means in glass fertilisation. The IVF process uses either couples or donated eggs and sperm. The IVF process was first tested 30 years ago and that’s when the term test tube baby was coined. It is one of the several techniques that are used when couples are struggling with infertility. IVF treatment is often the best chance for infertile couples to have a baby.
How do I know if IVF treatment is right for me?
The first step to finding out if IVF is right for you is to get checked out. Visit your doctor and he or she can recommend a fertility clinic. This can be a tricky process and it can be hard to find a clinic that is right for you. For tips on finding a clinic then read my post on how to find a clinic that is right for you. Your fertility doctor may recommend the IVF process for the following reasons:
- You have been diagnosed as infertile
- Other fertility treatments have not been successful
- Blocked fallopian tubes
- Male infertility issues
- Frozen Sperm is being used
- Donated eggs are being used
- Embryos are being tested to stop genetic conditions being passed on to the child.
How does the IVF process work?
The IVF process has many variations and depends on the couple’s individual’s fertility issues and the practices of the clinic. The first step in the IVF process is to fill out consent forms and paperwork. Both partners will have to go through a health screening for HIV and other diseases or infections.
The next step is the hormone therapy. Drugs are administered that stimulate the development of multiple follicles in the ovary. After stimulation, the eggs are collected and placed in a test tube. It is in the test tube that the eggs are fertilised to create several embryos. It depends on the treatment, but usually, after two to five days in incubation, the embryos are transferred through the vagina to the uterus. If the embryos are strong enough then the implementation of the eggs will occur and pregnancy will begin. Pregnancy is never a guarantee and a lot of women will freeze their eggs for potentail future use should the IVF treatment fail.
15 Steps of the IVF procedure
- Fertility Test
- Consultation with a fertility specialist
- Second consultation(pre-treatment)
- IVF Cycle and schedule is determined
- Hormone Stimulation
- Monitoring of ovaries and hormone levels
- Trigger injection for egg collection
- Egg Collection-minor surgery
- Embryo development
- Embryo transfer
- Egg Freezing(when possible)
- Pregnancy Test
- Pregnancy monitoring
Over one in ten couples have fertility issues. Do not feel like you are a freak because you cannot have children naturally. It is not your fault and you can get through this. I only recently opened up about my journey and the support has been amazing. With some hard work and a little patience, anyone can get through IVF. While it will not work for everyone my wife and I are living proof that a successful IVF process is possible.
Further reading on IVF: